Asset Protection at a Glance


Many people focus their efforts on increasing their financial resources, yet they may give relatively little attention to protecting those assets once they are accumulated. However, without the proper legal protection, the financial security you have worked long and hard to build could easily be threatened by an unexpected lawsuit.

In today’s litigious society it is not only the wealthy who should be concerned. Even individuals of moderate means, who have home equity, savings, or retirement accounts could be at risk. Business owners and professionals, such as doctors, dentists, lawyers, and accountants may be especially vulnerable to claims from customers/patients/clients, suppliers, employees, and lenders.

Lawsuits can be expensive and time-consuming to defend. Even if you think you are in the right, you may be forced to settle, because it may be more costly to fight a lawsuit than to pay a settlement. Also, regardless of whether you win or lose, you must generally pay for the costs of your own defense. However, with proper advance planning, there are some relatively simple and inexpensive ways to help protect your assets from the threat of litigation.

Life Insurance
In many states, life insurance death benefits and cash values are exempt (in whole or in part) from the claims of creditors of the insured. However, the exemption for life insurance cash values may depend on the ability to prove that there is no attempt to defraud a creditor.

Qualified Retirement Plans
You may also want to consider maximizing your contribution to your qualified retirement plan. In order to be tax qualified in the eyes of the Internal Revenue Service (IRS), qualified plan assets may not be assigned. The United States Supreme Court has interpreted this to mean that account balances in a qualified plan are generally protected in bankruptcy situations. In non-bankruptcy situations, state laws govern whether assets in a qualified plan are protected from the claims of creditors.

Primary Residence
Life insurance policies and qualified plans aren’t the only ways to protect assets. Most states provide some kind of asset protection for a primary residence. The key may lie in how the residence is titled. One form of titling, called “tenants by the entirety,” is often necessary to insulate home equity against the claims of creditors.

Trust Funds
In some cases, a “spendthrift” clause in a trust will prevent creditors from attacking trust fund assets. However, this protection almost never applies in the case of so-called “self-settledtrusts. In other words, you cannot typically set up a trust for your own advantage, unless you cede all control and benefits. It may, however, be possible to establish such a trust to benefit selected family members.

The Bottom Line
When planning your estate, it is important to give thought not only to building wealth, but also to protecting your assets from the threat of lawsuits and the potential claims of creditors. Some relatively simple and inexpensive strategies may exist to achieve this end. However, it is important to bear in mind that asset protection planning is a complex topic and may require the assistance of qualified legal and tax professionals.

The information contained in this article is for general use and while we believe all in formation to be reliable and accurate, it is important to remember individual situations may be entirely different. Therefore, information should be relied upon only when coordinated with professional tax and financial advice. Neither the information presented nor any opinion expressed constitutes a representation by us or a solicitation of the purchase or sale of any insurance or securities products and services. Written and published by Liberty Publishing, Inc. Copyright © 2013 Liberty Publishing, Inc. PFGASSE4-04

The information provided is not written or intended as specific tax or legal advice and may not be relied on for purposes of avoiding any Federal tax penalties. MassMutual, its employees and representatives are not authorized to give tax or legal advice. Individuals are encouraged to seek advice from their own tax or legal counsel. Individuals involved in the estate planning process should work with an estate planning team, including their own personal legal or tax counsel.

Insurance issued by Massachusetts Mutual Life Insurance Company (MassMutual), 1295 State Street, Springfield, MA 01111-0001 and C.M. Life Insurance Company and MML Bay State Life Insurance Company, 100 Bright Meadow Boulevard, Enfield, CT 06082.

MassMutual refers to Massachusetts Mutual Life Insurance Company, its affiliated companies and sales representatives.